Management Report & Annexes | Fundamental Information About the Group

12.6 Environmental and Transport Incidents

Bayer uses the term “environmental incidents” to define incidents in the course of our business activities that result in the release of substances into the environment. Factors that determine whether there is a reporting obligation include, in particular, the nature and quantity of the substance, the amount of damage caused or any consequences for nearby residents. In accordance with our internal voluntary commitment, we report any leakage of substances with a high hazard potential from a quantity of 100 kg upward.

Despite extensive safety precautions and training, it is unfortunately impossible to prevent environmental incidents altogether. In 2014 the number of environmental incidents fell from ten to four. 

limited assurance

 Online annex: 3-12.6-1

Number of Environmental Incidents       [Table 3.12.8-3]
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Environmental incidents 7 3 5 10 4

Transport incidents increased from 11 to 12. Transport incidents are also classified according to clearly defined Bayer criteria (more information can be found in Chapter 11 “Safety”).

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Online annex: 3-12.6-2

Of the 16 incidents reported, four were environmental incidents and 12 transport incidents.

Environmental and Transport Incidents [Table 3.12.8-4]
  Environment Transport Personal  injury
MaterialScience, Brazil, January 6, 2014
Following a traffic accident on a highway, a truck loaded with 14 IBCs1 filled with MDI (diphenylmethane diisocyanate) leaked around 1,300 kg of material. The incident was reported to the local environmental authority and a service provider specialized in dealing with chemical incidents. The products were transported back to our supply site and treated there expertly.
  X No
MaterialScience, Germany, March 27, 2014
A tank truck loaded with TDI from the Brunsbüttel site lost some product on the way to the customer on the highway and at a parking lot. The fire department alerted by the truck driver temporarily closed the highway. The truck driver was taken to hospital for preventive observation for 24 hours.
  X No
MaterialScience, United States, April 10, 2014
During a filling operation in a warehouse, the warehouse operator disconnected the supply hose of a tank, which was still under pressure. Around 100 liters of the product leaked onto the concrete surface of a collecting area. No one was harmed.
  X No

MaterialScience, Dormagen, Germany, April 28, 2014
During maintenance work, a small amount of phosgene solution leaked at a non-Bayer facility at the Chempark site. The monitoring system in the adjacent MaterialScience plant automatically triggered a vapor ammonia wall that was only in action for a few minutes. 140 kg ammonia were released.

X   No
MaterialScience, United States, May 13, 2014
A traffic accident involving a truck and a passenger car caused a slow drip of a liquid from the truck. On subsequent examination, this proved to be a non-hazardous container heating fluid. The truck driver was not injured in the crash but the driver of the passenger vehicle was airlifted to a hospital to be treated for injuries.
  X Yes
Currenta, Dormagen, Germany, June 5, 2014
Owing to an untight flange in a pipeline, around 10 m³ 18% hydrochloric acid leaked out. The responsible authority was informed and agreed to the wastewater captured being disposed of via a wastewater treatment plant and the contaminated soil being excavated and disposed of in accordance with the regulations. No one was harmed.
X   No
MaterialScience, United States, July 31, 2014
During a traffic accident the driver of a contractor’s truck left the highway and struck a tree head on. The driver died from the injuries sustained in the accident. The crash caused the gaylords loaded with Makrolon to be thrown from the trailer into a ditch beside the highway spilling the entire contents. These were disposed of according to the regulations.
  X Yes
MaterialScience, United States, August 6, 2014
A tank truck of 36% hydrochloric acid in transit to a customer began to leak. The fire department alerted by the driver and a hazmat team diked the spill with sand and transloaded the remaining liquid into another tank truck. This action led to the roadway being closed for several hours. No injuries were reported.
  X No
MaterialScience, Australia, August 18, 2014
In the container unloading/dock area, a drum containing 250 liters of Desmodur fell over and rolled into the yard area. The drum was damaged and product leaked out. This was then taken up and disposed of expertly.
  X No
MaterialScience, India, August 23, 2014
A truck carrying 13 IBCs1 met with an accident on the way to a warehouse. Some 8,500 kg polyol (non-hazardous material) leaked out. The spill was contained with absorbent and sand. The specialist team for chemical incidents alerted ensured proper handling and disposal.
  X No
MaterialScience, Antwerp, Belgium, September 16, 2014
Production operators discovered a leaking gasket on the main flange of a heat exchanger. The gasket had partially burst, releasing hot process gas containing approx. 150 kg carbon monoxide into the atmosphere. The reformer was immediately flushed with nitrogen to prevent further release of process gas.
X   No

MaterialScience, France, September 18, 2014
A flexibag container filled with approx. 24 metric tons of polyol (non-hazardous material) was totally destroyed and leaked during loading operations on a vessel in the port of Marseille.

  X No
MaterialScience, Switzerland, October 7, 2014
While a container was being unloaded at a customer’s site, approx. 1-2 m³ bisphenol A was released. No one was injured.
  X No
MaterialScience, United States, November 21, 2014
While a product was being unloaded, a crack formed in the discharge hose from a container transporter. Approx. 190 liters of an MDI-containing polymer leaked out, which were captured and disposed of. No injuries or hazards resulted.
  X No
MaterialScience, United States, December 15, 2014
While toluene diamine (TDA) was being unloaded from a rail vehicle to a storage tank, a pump seal on the tank was damaged. Approx. 150 liters of TDA spilled into the safety section of the pump. There was no environmental impact.
  X No
MaterialScience, Dormagen, Germany, December 21, 2014
The failure of a seal caused a leak in a site network line for 32% sodium hydroxide solution. Approx. 3 m³ sodium hydroxide solution fell onto the turf below via a pipe bridge.
X   No
1 IBC (Intermediate Bulk Container)

The following incidents were registered and analyzed. Under Bayer criteria, however, they are not considered environmental or transport incidents.

Further Incidents Not Considered Environmental or Transport Incidents under Bayer Criteria1 [Table 3.12.8-5]
of the
MaterialScience, Belford Roxo, Brazil, March 31, 2014 Fatal shooting at Belford Roxo site

A security service employee (contractor) tragically lost his life. He was fatally hit by several shots fired from outside the site premises.

CropScience, Korangi, Pakistan, April 8, 2014

Kidnap of a Bayer employee in Korangi

During a business trip, an employee was kidnapped at gunpoint and released in a street the following day. The kidnappers stole his car and personal effects. The employee underwent hospital examinations as a precaution and the incident was classified as an occupational injury with lost workdays.
MaterialScience, Pittsburgh, United States, June 6, 2014

Leak in propylene oxide storage at Pittsburgh site

A leak occurred in propylene oxide storage. This was rectified by specialist personnel, and the product made safe and suitable for future use. There were no hazards, injuries or environmental damage. Local media visited the scene and reported on the incident.

CropScience, Nigel, South Africa, June 24, 2014

Flash fire at a plant at the Nigel site

A flash fire occurred in a filter during manual transfer of a CropScience product. No one was injured. However, the relevant employees were examined at a hospital as a precaution.
Currenta, Dormagen, Germany, September 15, 2014 Explosion at the Chempark Dormagen site

An explosion occurred on the premises of INEOS at the Chempark Dormagen site. The Chempark fire department extinguished the resulting fire. According to media reports, the district authority said there was no risk to the public.

CropScience, Hürth-Knapsack, Germany, October 21, 2014

Fire at Knapsack Chemical Park

A fire broke out in a CropScience facility at the Knapsack Chemical Park following a substance leak. The fire was extinguished by the company fire department and public fire departments from the surrounding area. Measurements conducted in the vicinity of the Chemical Park did not determine any health-endangering concentrations of the substance. The flue gases released by the fire led to odor problems. The responsible authorities and the communities around the Chemical Park were notified. The incident was classified as an LoPC.
1 Standard practice at Bayer is to record every fatality reported to us relating to our business activities. A difference between the number of fatalities in Table 3.11.1 “Occupational Injuries” and the above Table 3.12.8-5 may occur because for occupational injuries, by definition, we show only fatalities of Bayer and contractor employees who were under immediate Bayer supervision.
Last updated: February 26, 2015  Copyright © Bayer AG